Variation of the amount of information in the motor performance

  • José Francisco Gomes Schild Departamento de Desportos, Escola Superior de Educação Física da Universidade Federal de Pelotas, RS

Abstract

Analyze the relationship between the amount of information and performance of a closed motor skill (jump in distance) in the initial phase of the learning process was the objective of this study. The theoretical framework in March was the theory of information processing, which is concerned to explain what happens to the individual from the perception of a stimulus to the development of more appropriate response to it. To verify the hypothesis, it was reasoning in the studies of Miller (1956), which provides the memory capacity of short duration, around 7 ± 2 items of information. The sample, composed of 45 fourth-grade students in the first degree, male, aged 9 to 11 years of age, socio-economic level B has been randomly divided into 3 experimental groups. The experimental group 1 (EG1), small amount of information received, the experimental group 2 (EG2) received average amount of information and experimental group 3 (GE3) received much information on the same motor dexterity. Information was provided by the same teacher, using the same style of education for OS3 groups. The pre-and post-tests were filmed by professionals using a VHS-CCD camera. The results indicated that the EG2 (mean = 656.60 and SD = 87.56) showed higher scores for performance in the post-test than EG1 (mean = 546.16 and SD = 138.53) and GE3 (mean = SD = 394.00 and 149.15). Through analysis of variance (ANOVA) between the mean post-test for p <0.05, it was verified that the EG2 showed statistically higher scores that the EG1 and GE3. The use of average amount of information was more efficient for the learning of a closed motor skill. Keywords: Information. Performance. Motor dexterity

Author Biography

José Francisco Gomes Schild, Departamento de Desportos, Escola Superior de Educação Física da Universidade Federal de Pelotas, RS
Possui Graduação em Licenciatura Plena Em Educação Física pela Universidade Federal de Pelotas (1978), Mestrado em Ciência do Movimento Humano pela Universidade Federal de Santa Maria (1987) e Doutorado em Ciência do Movimento Humano pela Universidade Federal de Santa Maria (1999). Atualmente é professor Associado II e diretor da Escola Superior de Educação Física da Universidade Federal de Pelotas. Tem experiência na área de Educação Física, com ênfase em Aprendizagem Motora, atuando principalmente nos seguintes temas: aprendizagem, aprendizagem motora, atletismo, interferência contextual, terceira idade e contexto escolar. Currículo Lattes: http://lattes.cnpq.br/2526026638539610
Published
2009-06-15
Section
Summary