Biomechanical changes during pregnancy: a review
AbstractThe purpose of this review was to analyze the studies that investigated the behavior of the kinetics and kinematics of human gait and posture control during pregnancy, and to verify the occurrence of falls. For this, a search was made for references in Portuguese and English, using search engines: PubMed, Sciencedirect, Scopus, and Pubmed Pubmed Central. Original papers published from 1990 to 2009 (july) were considered when the main subject of discussion was the topic of interest. Overall significant changes are observed on the kinetic and kinematic variables of gait and balance from the third trimester of pregnancy during this period the incidence of falls is also larger. There are many factors related to these changes, but the increase in body mass is the most important of these.