EVALUATION OF REDUCTION OF PANTANAL WETLANDS IN 2012
ResumoThe Pantanal wetland is liable to inter and intra-annual variations in flood pulses that can lead to socio-economic and environmental consequences, hence improved monitoring of this variability can provide opportunities for prediction of and adaptation to its impacts. Satellite images from TRMM and Terra/Aqua (MODIS sensor) allow the monitoring of rainfall and wetland inundation, respectively. The year 2012 showed the greatest reduction in the Pantanal flooded area since 2000. Compared to the average flooded area in the period 2000 . 2011, there was a reduction of 75% of the flooded area in 2012. The reduced inundation in 2012 was largely due to the decrease of the accumulated rainfall in the rainy season. TRMM data showed a reduction of 19% of the cumulative rainfall in the rainy season of 2012, since 81% of incident precipitations in Pantanal occur in this season, therefore these features led to the lowest rainfall rate since 2000. Among all years, the rainfall in the rainy season explained 53% of the flood pulse variability in the area. The delay or decrease in the rate of rainfall after the dry season is essential in the definition of the increase or decrease in the Pantanal wetland in the subsequent year and this monitoring may provide warning signs to predict extreme events in the flood pulse, since there is a considerable time lag between rainfall and inundation in many areas of the region
Os autores mantém os direitos autorais e concedem à GEOGRAFIA o direito de primeira publicação, com os artigos simultaneamente licenciados sob a Creative Commons Attribution License, que permite o compartilhamento dos artigos com reconhecimento da autoria dos mesmos e publicação inicial nesta revista.
Geografia, Rio Claro, SP, Brasil - pISSN 0100-7912 - eISSN 1983-8700 está licenciada sob Licença Creative Commons